What is Egg Cell?

Human Egg Cell is also known as ovum is the female reproductive cell. The Size of Egg Cell is much larger than the sperm cells and can be seen in naked eyes. When a sperm cell is fused with an Egg Cell then grows into a new organism. The ovum or Egg Cell is one of the largest cells in the human body. The ovaries of a female released Egg Cell which is capable of developing into a new organism.

Facts About Egg Cell

  • The human ovum measures approximately 0.1 mm in diameter.
  • An egg contains half the number of chromosomes i.e. 23
  • The function of the ovum is to carry the set of chromosomes contributed by the female to enable fertilization by the sperm.
  •  A woman is born with all her eggs. Once she starts her periods, 1 egg develops.
  • The egg is dead within 24 hours after ovulation.
  • Only one egg is matured and ovulated each month.
  • The ovaries release an egg as part of a woman’s cycle.
  • When an egg is released, it’s called ovulation.
  • Women are most fertile and have the best chance of getting pregnant in their 20s.
  • A woman can lose up to 90 percent of her eggs by age 30.
  • Human eggs contain lots of RNA, which transfers genetic code out of the nucleus of a cell.
  • It takes a long time for an egg to mature
  • An egg has a short life-span after ovulation.
  • Egg cells only have half the genes.
  • Healthy sperm cells can live for up to three to five days in the female reproductive tract.
  • Some women opt to freeze their eggs for a future pregnancy.
  • Your egg cells can be affected by your general health like: diet, exercise and habits.
  • Smoking has a significantly negative effect on your ovaries.
  • The human egg needs lots of energy.