Womb and Fallopian Tubes
The fallopian tubes are tubes on each side of the uterus to lead the mature egg from the ovaries to the uterus for the further fertilization process. When an obstruction prevents the fallopian tube from traveling down the egg down the tube, it is because a woman has a blockage in the fallopian tube also called tubal factor infertility. This can occur on either one side or both sides of fallopian tubes and is the of infertility in 40 percent of infertile women.
When one or both tubes are blocked, the egg cannot reach the uterus, also the sperm cannot reach the egg and become an obstruction for pregnancy. Also, many a time the tube is not totally blocked. This can increase the risk of an ectopic or tubal pregnancy.
What is Womb and Fallopian Tubes Treatment
The fallopian tubes lead from the ovaries of the women into the uterus through the uterotubal junction. The fallopian tubes allow the egg cells to flow from the ovaries to the uterus. In non-mammalian vertebrates, the related tissue is known as oviducts.
Blockage in tubes does not result in symptoms. As many females do not know they have a blockage in the fallopian tubes until they get expectant and have problems. In some cases, obstructed tubes can result in minor as well as consistent pain in one area of the stomach. Mostly it happens in a sort of congestion referred to as a hydrosalpinx.
As mentioned above, blocked fallopian tubes don’t cause symptoms. And many women don’t know about the blockage until they try to get pregnant and face any other trouble.
Sometimes it can also lead to mild, regular pain in one side of the abdomen when the blockage is hydrosalpinx. When fluid fills and enlarges an obstructed fallopian tube. Conditions that can lead to blockage can cause their own symptoms such as endometriosis causes very painful and heavy periods. It can increase the risk of blocked tubes.
Cause of Fallopian Tube problems
The most common reasons for blockage in the fallopian tubes is PID – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. It is the result of a sexually transmitted disease, also not all PID infections are related to STDs. Even if PID is not present, it’s history can increase the risk of blocked tubes. Here are some other potential causes of blockage in the fallopian tubes such as,
- History of a ruptured appendix
- History of abdominal surgery
- History of an STD infection
- History of uterine infection because of an abortion or miscarriage
- Previous ectopic pregnancy
- Prior surgery involving the fallopian tubes
Effects on Fertility
The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes. When any of these three areas are affected due to a medical problem, it may increase the risk of pregnancy. Both the ovaries are connected to the uterus by a fallopian tube. The ovaries store eggs and release it one by one each month.
For example, the ovary might release an egg for continuous 3 months and then the other ovary might release an egg the next month. In the case of one fallopian tube blockage, there are chances for an egg to be fertilized but when both the tubes are blocked, there are no chances of releasing eggs.
Treatment and Surgery
If your tubes are blocked by a small amount of block or adhesions, the doctors can use laparoscopic surgery to open the tubes and remove the blockage. If your fallopian tube is blocked by a large amount then there’s no treatment and surgery. Surgery to repair the blockage by ectopic pregnancy or infection may be an option. If a blockage is caused and your fallopian tube is damaged, a surgeon or specialist can remove the damaged part and connect the two healthy parts. There are chances to open blocked fallopian tubes depends on the extent of the scarring and where the blockage is. Surgery aims to open the tube using the below methods:
- Most surgeons will carry out the procedure using keyhole surgery.
- removing scar tissue
- making a new opening on the fallopian tube
- opening the fallopian tube from the inside
The possibility of Pregnancy
There are chances to get pregnant with the help of the surgery and treatments. Also, it depends on the treatment method and the severity of the block. As per the experts, successful pregnancy chances are more when the blockage is near the uterus. And the success rates are low when the blockage is near ovary at the end of the fallopian.
Surgery to open the tubes carries the same complication as any other surgery such as,
- damage to organs
- creation of more scar tissue
Blocked fallopian tubes are common among most women. Many of them can also get pregnant with the help of procedures like IVF.
When you are ready to talk about your infertility issues, we’re here.