Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
As per the fertility specialists Polycystic ovary syndrome – PCOS is known as a hormonal condition. Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) in India can be affected with fertility, It can also,
- Make your periods fluctuate or become hard to predict
- Cause acne and unwanted hair
- Raise your chances for other health issues like diabetes and high blood pressure
Many women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) in India don’t have cysts on their ovaries which means the polycystic can be misleading.
What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Basically, it is a problem which can affect women during their childbearing year. Between 2.2 to 26.7 percent of women between the ages 15 to 44 have PCOS. Also, some of them don’t even know that they need Treatments for PCOS. It can affect a woman ovaries. The ovaries release eggs to be fertilized by the sperm of a male partner. The process of releasing an egg each month is known as ovulation.
FSH – Follicle-stimulating hormone and LH – luteinizing hormone both control ovulation. As FSH stimulates the ovary to produce a follicle and LH triggers the ovary to release a mature egg. Here are the main three features of PCOS which can affect the ovaries and ovulation.
- Irregular or skipped periods
- Cysts in the ovaries
- High levels of male hormones
Common symptoms of PCOS
Signs and symptoms of PCOS mainly develop around the time of the menstrual period as per the expert of PCOS treatment in India. Signs and symptoms of PCOS vary. A diagnosis of PCOS is made when you feel more than two of these signs,
- Irregular, Infrequent or prolonged menstrual cycle is the common sign of PCOS.
- High levels of male hormone may affect physical signs such as excess body hair, and occasionally severe acne and male pattern baldness.
- Many a time an ovary enlarged and contain follicles that surround the eggs and result in failure to function regularly
How is PCOS Treated?
There are many treatments that have been shown as effective in the treatment of PCOS. All the treatment is dependent on the stages of the woman life and depends on the woman’s regular menstrual cycles, controlling abnormal uterine bleeding, controlling excess hair growth, management of associated conditions, or promoting the chances of pregnancy when desired.
Complications of PCOS
As per the expert, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) treatment in India here are some of the complications of PCOS,
- Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis — as many liver inflammations caused by fat accumulation in the liver
- Metabolic syndrome
- Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
- Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
- Miscarriage or premature birth
- Sleep apnea
- Cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer)
Pregnancy and PCOS
PCOS affects the normal menstrual cycle and makes it harder for women to get pregnant. Around 70 to 80 percent of women with PCOS face infertility problems. It can also increase the risk of pregnancy complications. Women with PCOS face problems twice as likely as women without the PCOS condition to deliver their baby prematurely. Also, the risk of miscarriage, high blood pressure, and gestational diabetes is high. Women with PCOS can get pregnant with the help of various fertility treatment that improves ovulation. Women with PCOS need to lose weight and should have low blood sugar level to improve your odds of having a healthy pregnancy.
PCOS treatment in India
There is no cure or treatment for PCOS, but there are other treatments to manage the symptoms of the PCOS that affect an individual. That treatment depends on whether the individual wants to become pregnant or to reduce the risk of secondary medical conditions such as diabetes, and heart disease. There are many PCOS treatment in India including,
Taking progestin and estrogen daily can restore a normal hormone balance, relieve symptoms like excess hair growth, and protect against endometrial cancer. These hormones come in a patch, pill or vaginal ring.
It is a drug mainly used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It also treats PCOS by improving insulin levels. Using Metformin when you want to make changes in diet and exercise can improve weight loss, and restore a normal menstrual cycle than any other changes.
Clomid or Clomiphene is a fertility drug to help women with PCOS get pregnant. It maximizes the risk for twins as well as in multiple births.
Hair removal medicines
There are many treatments that can help rid of unwanted hair or stop growing hair on the body as well as on the face. Eflornithine (Vaniqa) cream is a prescription that slows hair growth. Laser hair removal and electrolysis remove the unwanted hair on your face and body.
Surgery can be an option to improve infertility when other treatments don’t work. Ovarian drilling is a procedure to make tiny holes with the laser or thin heated needle in the ovary to restore normal ovulation.
Diet tips to treat PCOS
Treatment for PCOS starts with improving the lifestyle such as weight loss, healthy diet, and exercise. 5 to 10 percent losing body weight can help regulate your menstrual cycle and improve the PCOS symptoms. Diet tips to treat PCOS can help you lose weight when a woman is facing PCOS condition. Also, there are many diet plans which have advantages over others. Studies show that low-carbohydrate diets are effective for weight loss as well as lowering insulin levels. Another Diet tips to treat PCOS is a low-GI, Low glycemic index diet that gets most carbohydrates from vegetables, fruits and whole grains improve the menstrual cycle than a regular weight loss diet.
Also, with 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise for a minimum of 3 days, a week can help women with PCOS lose weight. Overall it can improve ovulation and insulin levels. Exercise is more effective when it combines with a healthy diet. Here you lose more weight than either intervention alone and it decreases the risks of diabetes and heart disease.
Medical Treatments for COS
Medications are the best way of treatment for both the menstrual and hormonal symptoms of PCOS. Here is the list of associated conditions that may require medical treatment,
- Type 2 diabetes,
- Heart disease,
- Elevated blood pressure (hypertension),
- Insulin resistance,
- Obesity, and
- Elevated blood cholesterol and LDL (“bad” cholesterol) levels.
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