One of the essences of family and sexual intercourse is procreation. A lot of times, this purpose is defeated as several women find it difficult to conceive on their own. This may be due to reasons from either party of the couple. 

Over the years, several fertility treatments have been developed with a lot of them having high success rates. In Vitro Fertilization method, mini IVF and egg donation are just but a few to mention amongst them. The more prominent on to take note of in this period is the Intrauterine Semination or IUI. This article is going to tell you 10 things you need to know about IUI treatments, so sit back and enjoy.

WHAT IS IUI TREATMENT?

Intrauterine insemination is a fertility treatment that applies the use of artificial insemination in placing sperm in a woman’ uterus to facilitate fertilization. This is a lot of advanced form of artificial insemination. Other types of Artificial insemination place the sperm in the vagina while this one has a more targeted goal (the uterus) hence increases the chances of sperm reaching the fallopian tubes to result in a pregnancy. 

WHY IS IUI TREATMENT DONE?

As a fertility procedure, IUI is done in some instances of low sperm count in males or low sperm mobility, unexplained infertility or hostile cervical mucus condition in females. Pain during sexual intercourse as well as some sexual dysfunction like reduced ejaculation can also make the doctors recommend IUI. Sexually transmitted diseases like HIV could also be a deciding factor when trying to reduce the risk of transferring the disease through copulation. Failure of Fertility drugs to help conceive can also influence a decision. Same-sex couples also employ the use of IUI by sperm donation.

HOW IS IUI TREATMENT DONE?

Before the procedure is carried out, a series of ovulation-stimulating medications would have been administered, this will require close monitoring of the eggs to know when they are sufficiently matured. The procedure is best carried out during ovulation. 

To separate the semen and the seminal fluid in the semen sample, the semen sample is first to wash afterward a catheter is used to insert the sperm directly into the uterus. The direct placing of the sperm in the womb maximizes the number of cells prepared for fertilization hence the chances of pregnancy. The procedure is almost painless and short

WHO CANNOT DO IUI TREATMENT?

The IUI procedure is not recommended for the following classes of people

  •   women suffering from severe fallopian tubes diseases
  •   women with a history for pelvic infections
  •   women suffering from endometriosis (moderate or severe)

RISKS ATTACHED TO IUI TREATMENT?

There is just about 1% possibility of infection when the IUI procedure is carried out. However, in some instances, a small amount of bleeding is spotted during the process of inserting the catheter in the uterus. 

Multiple births; The IUI procedure is not directly associated with multiple pregnancies like twins, triplets etc.however if the patient takes ovulation-inducing medications, the possibility of numerous births significantly increases. It is known that various births are associated with many risks compared to a single delivery including low birth weight and or early labor.

EFFECT OF DRUGS ON IUI TREATMENT 

The IUI procedure on its own can get a woman pregnant, but it is recommended that the patient uses some fertility drugs to augment the chances of pregnancy. These fertility drugs stimulate the ovaries, making them produce many eggs for the fertilization process. This generally increases the odds of getting pregnant.

TIMING OF IUI TREATMENT

Proper timing is crucial in the IUI procedure. It is highly recommended that the process should be performed in the early hours of ovulation usually around 24 to 36 hours after the commencement of ovulation(this is because when an egg is released, it only stays viable for about 24 hours). ovulation can be adequately monitored by the use of ovulation kits, which will indicate when a woman is in her ovulation period. 

The insemination procedure itself only takes a few minutes and Is not in any way painful as earlier mentioned

SUCCESS RATES OF IUI TREATMENT

When fertility drugs and cycles were combined in different periods, as much as 8 percent to 17 percent pregnancy rate was achieved. As these are rates taken about a single cycle, it’s known that higher success odds will be realized when considering multiple cycles together.

A study that covered 1000 IUI cycles as a sample, it was found that the success rate per couple (single or multiple cycles considered) depended solely on their age and cause of infertility

A maximum 55.6 percent success rate per couple was realized for cervical factor infertility case and the lowest percentage of 10.7 percent per cycle for endometriosis, in another review on IUI and unexplained fertility, only 4 percent of women were able to conceive without the use of fertility drugs

COST OF IUI TREATMENT

Average IUI fertility treatment costs just about $894 in America, and the price varies from nation to nation as well as clinics. Although IVF yields better results than IUI, the IUI procedure is a lot cheaper and easier to carry out than IVF procedure which is priced at $19000 just at the first cycle.

POST PROCEDURE AND EXPECTATIONS

This period is more of the thrilling or the stressful part of the whole process. The expectations and the anticipation may get the better part of the couple if proper caution is not taken. After the successful completion of the IUI process, the doctor may prescribe progesterone. This is administered as a vaginal suppository.

Blood tests are usually conducted about a week after which will be used to monitor progesterone levels, estrogen and even maybe the hCG levels

In about 14 days after the IUI procedure, the pregnancy test is conducted, or the patient can as well opt in for an at home pregnancy test. Patience has to be exercised as haste could lead to false-negative or false positive results

If after the complete cycle procedure, the patient does not become pregnant, it is advisable to try the IUI procedure again for about three to six months to maximize the chances of pregnancy.

In conclusion, there is a lot to expect, but varies with each patient. Do let us know your experience with IUI treatments in our comment section below.